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Job Qualifications (Job Specifications)

Last updated 29th Nov 2022


The term job qualifications refers to the education, work experience, and skills appearing on a job opening. Recruiters and hiring managers use the list of required and desired job qualifications when selecting applicants for an interview.


Also known as job specifications, job qualifications are a summary of the experience, skills, and education a candidate needs to possess to be successful in a specific role. The qualifications are typically drafted by a hiring manager, with the help of human resources. Employees in similar roles may also be asked to help co-author the specifications.

While the qualifications can be used to benchmark compensation, they are also used to identify candidates for participation in a job interview. Generally, these qualifications are broken down into the following categories:

  • Education: including high school, post-secondary courses, college and advanced degrees as well as licenses and certifications. For example, the job qualifications for an accountant might include CPA certification in addition to a bachelor's degree in accounting.
  • Work Experience: includes prior roles and / or responsibilities, industry knowledge, as well as the ability to use certain tools (ranging from simple hand tools to complex software applications). For example, the qualifications for a chemist might include familiarity with science laboratories, spectrophotometers, and safety practices.
  • Skills: including verbal and written communication, analytical, research, computer literacy, interpersonal, planning and organizing, problem-solving, customer service, leadership, and teambuilding. For example, the qualifications for a computer technician might include knowledge of software applications and associated hardware.
  • Physical Attributes: includes the ability to travel, lift objects of a certain weight, work variable schedules, and hold a valid driver's license.

Note: The list of job requirements will sometimes distinguish between desired (nice to have) and required (must have) qualifications.

Related Terms

career objectives, resume format, cover letter, objective statement, skills, keyword

Moneyzine Editor

Moneyzine Editor