HomeResources16+ Enlightening UK Unemployment Statistics for 2022

16+ Enlightening UK Unemployment Statistics for 2022

Last updated 28th Nov 2022
Disclosure

After a short-lived rise in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the unemployment rate in the United Kingdom has constantly been reducing since 2021. The latest unemployment statistics for the UK show that the unemployment rate in the country is the lowest it has been in almost 30 years. This article contains all of the necessary data on unemployment as of 2021, as well as the current numbers that reveal the state of the UK’s unemployment in 2022.

Read on to discover specific details about which parts of the Kingdom struggle with unemployment the most, which ethnicity and age groups are the most affected, and more.

Top 10 Unemployment Statistics for the UK

  • The unemployment rate in the UK as of June 2022 is 3.60%.

  • As of July 2022, there are 1.2 million jobless working-age people in the UK.

  • Out of 44 countries in Europe, the United Kingdom has the tenth lowest unemployment rate.

  • England has the highest unemployment rate out of the four countries in the United Kingdom, with 3.7%.

  • Birmingham has the highest claimant unemployment rate of 6.9% among the large cities in the UK.

  • 3.5% of female and 3.7% of male Britons are unemployed in 2022.

  • The unemployment rate of Black British aged between 16 and 24 in 2021 was 31%.

  • Britons with a Bangladeshi background have the highest unemployment rate of 9.3% out of all UK ethnic groups.

  • Only 1% of the male information and communication workers in the UK are unemployed at the moment.

  • The public administration sector has the lowest unemployment rate for both men and women in the UK, with 1.1%.

General Unemployment Statistics for the United Kingdom

The unemployment rate in the UK as of June 2022 is 3.60%.

The historical data suggests that this is the lowest unemployment rate the United Kingdom has seen since 1974. In comparison, just a year ago, in June 2021, the unemployment rate in the UK was 1% higher, at 4.60%. The current unemployment rate is almost twice as low as the long-term average of 6.78%.

(YCharts)

As of July 2022, there are 1.2 million jobless working-age people in the UK.

UK unemployment figures reveal that the largest number of unemployed Britons, or 429,000, are aged between 16 and 24, while another 301,000 are between 25 and 34 years old. Furthermore, 272,000 Brits aged between 35 and 49 and 261,000 between 50 and 64 are out of a job. On the other hand, the age group with the fewest unemployed is Britons over 65, with only 30,000 unemployed.

(Statista)

England has the highest unemployment rate out of the four countries in the United Kingdom, with 3.7%.

Just 0.5% percentage points lower than the unemployment rate in England, at 3.2%, Wales has the second-highest unemployment rate in the UK. Moreover, the difference between Wales’ and Scotland’s unemployment rates is even smaller, at 0.1% percentage point. With 3.1%, Scotland has the second-best, while Northern Ireland has the lowest unemployment rate in the kingdom, with only 2.9%.

(Statista)

Birmingham has the highest claimant unemployment rate of 6.9% among the large cities in the UK.

Other large cities with high claimant unemployment rates include Bradford with 6.7%, Hull with 6%, Luton with 5.8%, and Liverpool with 5.5%. Unemployment in London is neither high nor low, and the claimant unemployment rate in the Kingdom’s capital is 4.5%. On the end of the spectrum, cities with the lowest claimant rates include York with 1.8%, Exeter with 1.9%, Edinburgh, Cambridge, and Aldershot with 2.4%.

(Centre for Cities)

Out of 44 countries in Europe, the United Kingdom has the tenth lowest unemployment rate.

In comparison, the unemployment rate in the Faroe Islands is 1%, in Liechtenstein, it’s 1.9%, and in Switzerland, it’s 2%. In global terms, the UK unemployment rate is further down in the rankings, in 39th place, out of 195 countries. Compared to the other global economies, the only country with a lower unemployment rate than the UK is Japan, whose rate is 2.6%. Furthermore, the USA has a 3.7%, China has a 5.3%, Germany has a 5.5%, and France has a 7.4% unemployment rate. Finally, in the G20, only six countries have a lower unemployment rate than the UK, and those are Switzerland, Singapore, South Korea, Japan, Mexico, and Australia.

(Trading Economics)

UK Unemployment Statistics and Demographics

Britons with a Bangladeshi background have the highest unemployment rate of 9.3% out of all UK ethnic groups.

Statistics reveal that the unemployment rate of the Bangladeshi British has remained the same from the start of the pandemic, in March 2020. Similarly, the Black British unemployment rate was 8.9% before the pandemic started and has increased by only 0.1% in the next two years, reaching 9% in 2022. However, the unemployment rate of Chinese British has increased more significantly in the same period, from 4.7% in 2020 to 7.2% in 2022. Furthermore, the unemployment statistics for the UK in 2022 also reveal an increase in the rates for Britons with Pakistani and Indian backgrounds, from 5.9% to 7.6% and 3.7% to 4.1%, respectively. White British is the only ethnic group with a decreased unemployment rate, from 3.6% in 2020 to 3.1% in 2022.

(Parliament)

In 2021, the unemployment rate for UK women was 4.2%, and it was 4.6% for UK men.

By ethnic background and sex, White British women had the lowest unemployment rate in the country, with 3.5%, while the rate for women from minority backgrounds was 8.9%. More precisely, the unemployment figures for 2021 show that 10.6% of Black women, 11.7% of Bangladeshi and Pakistani women, and 5% of Indian women were jobless. Similarly, White men were the least unemployed ethnic background among the males, with a 4.2% rate, while the rate for men from ethnic minority backgrounds was 7.3%. To be exact, 8% of Black men, 9.8% of Bangladeshi and Pakistani men, and 4% of Indian men were unemployed in the UK in 2021.

(Parliament)

The unemployment rate of Black British aged between 16 and 24 in 2021 was 31%.

The UK youth unemployment statistics reveal that nearly one in every three of the youngest Black Britons was unemployed in 2021. At the same time, one out of five, or 20%, of the Pakistani and Bangladeshi British, aged between 16 and 24, was out of a job as well. Moreover, 11% of the White Britons from the same age group struggled with unemployment as well, while the unemployment rate for Indian British of the same age was the lowest, at 10%. Finally, the total unemployment rate for Britons aged between 16 and 24 in 2021 was 12.6%.

(Parliament)

3.4% of the British population aged between 25 and 49 were unemployed in 2021.

UK unemployment statistics by age group reveal that White Britons were the least unemployed ethnic group in this age bracket, with an unemployment rate of only 3%. Furthermore, 4% of the Indian British, 7% of the Black, and 9% of the Bangladeshi and Pakistani Brits aged between 25 and 49 were jobless in 2021. In addition, 6% of Britons from other ethnic groups, such as Chinese, other Asian, and mixed ethnic backgrounds of this age, were also unemployed.

(Parliament)

In 2021, 6% of Britons from minority ethnic backgrounds older than 50 were unemployed.

The UK unemployment rate by age statistics show that Britons over the age of 50 were the age group with the lowest unemployment rate in 2021, with only 3.2%. The least unemployed ethnic group from this age bracket were the White British, with a rate of only 3%, followed by Indian British with 5%. Furthermore, the unemployment rate for Black Britons over 50 was 6%, and so was the rate for British from other ethnic groups, such as Chinese, other Asian, and mixed ethnic backgrounds. Lastly, 8% of Bangladeshi and Pakistani British over 50 were without a job in 2021 as well.

(Parliament)

3.5% of female and 3.7% of male Britons are unemployed in 2022.

The latest stats show that the UK unemployment trends from 2021, women experiencing a lower unemployment rate than men, remain steady in 2022 too. Also, Britons over the age of 50 remain the least unemployed age group, with an even lower unemployment rate of only 2.5%. By gender, 2.6% of UK men and 2.5% of UK women over 50 are unemployed in 2022, with 41% of men and 32.3% of women being out of a job for more than 12 months.

(ONS)

The unemployment rate of Britons aged between 25 and 49 in 2022 is 3%.

The current unemployment rate statistics show that the above age group is the only one where male Britons are less unemployed (2.8%) than females (3.3%). Moreover, the data reveals that 35.5% of these men and 21.3% of these women have been unemployed for longer than a year. Furthermore, 7.6% of Britons aged between 18 and 24 are currently unemployed, with men’s rate standing at 9.3% and women’s at 5.7%. Finally, 15.3% of 16-17-year-old British women and 28.5% of British men of the same age are out of a job at the moment.

(ONS)

United Kingdom Unemployment Rate by Industry

5.5% of accommodation and food services workers in the UK are currently unemployed.

This is the industry with the highest percentage of unemployment in the Kingdom, and the above percentage translates to 99,000 people without a job. More precisely, 6% or 52,000 of the men and 5.1% or 47,000 of the women in this sector are unemployed. Moreover, 30,000 of these workers have been out of a job for longer than a year, accounting for 16.4% of the total long-term unemployment in the UK.

(ONS)

The total number of unemployed workers in the motor vehicles industry is 141,000.

Wholesale, retail, and repair of motor vehicles is the industry with the largest number of jobless workers and the second highest percentage of unemployment at 3,9%. The data further reveals that 26,000 of these people have been unemployed for over 12 months, which is a 14.1% share of the total number of long-term unemployed in the country. By gender, the statistics for unemployment in the UK show that men in this sector are considerably more affected than women, with a 78,000 to 63,000 ratio.

(ONS)

Only 1% of the male information and communication workers in the UK are unemployed at the moment.

The information and communication sector is the one with the lowest percentage of unemployed male workers. In absolute figures, 12,000 UK men in this sector are currently out of a job. The percentage of jobless women in this sector is slightly higher, at 3.2%. Unemployment figures for the UK reveal that there are 16,000 British women whose last job was in the information and communication sector and are currently struggling with unemployment.

(ONS)

The public administration sector has the lowest unemployment rate for both men and women in the UK, with 1.1%.

The stats show that only 1% of the women and 1.3% of the men in this sector are currently unemployed. These percentages translate to 13,000 female and 16,000 male workers in the UK. Furthermore, 9,000 of these workers have been out of a job for longer than a year, and they account for 5.1% of all the long-term unemployed in the country.

(ONS)

FAQs on Unemployment Statistics for the UK

What age group is the most unemployed in the UK?

The youngest group of working-age Britons, between 16 and 24, is the most unemployed, with a 9.1% unemployment rate.

(Statista)

Is unemployment rising in the UK?

In 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the unemployment rate in the UK was increasing. However, this trend stopped in 2021 as the unemployment rate started to decline, and it keeps on decreasing in 2022 as well.

(ONS)

How many people do not work in the UK?

According to the latest UK unemployment data, there were 1.2 million unemployed working-age Britons in July 2022.

(Statista)

What is the current unemployment rate in the UK?

The unemployment rate in the United Kingdom as of June 2022 is 3.60%.

(YCharts)

How many Black people are unemployed in the UK?

The Black British are among the most unemployed ethnic groups in the UK, with a 9% unemployment rate in 2022.

(Parliament)

Which city has the highest unemployment rate in the UK?

The most recent unemployment data reveals that Birmingham is the city with the highest unemployment rate of 6.9% in the United Kingdom.

(Centre for Cities)

The Summary

While the unemployment rate in the United Kingdom might be low, some age and ethnic groups could use a bit of an improvement. Moreover, the rapid technological advances are already putting workers from certain industries out of work, which is an issue that will only expand in other sectors in the near future. The UK has managed to mitigate the job losses caused by the pandemic, though new challenges are always on the horizon.

Sources:

Darko Jacimovic

Darko Jacimovic

With over six years of writing experience, Darko is a prolific writer in multiple industries including finance, and technology. Acquiring a BA in English pushed him to pursue his lifelong dream to conquer the internet and engage with the personal finance space. While looking for his next travel destination, Darko developed impeccable research skills that helped him craft some of the most popular finance stats pages on the World Wide Web.